Valtrex is an antiviral drug which used to treat certain herpes infections, including herpes zoster (the painful rash known as shingles), genital herpes, and herpes cold sores on the face and lips. Valtrex stops viral replication and combats the herpes virus attacking it and slowing it down from replicating itself in the system allowing the body to assist in the natural defense of the spread of this virus ultimately limiting both the duration and frequency of outbreaks. Valtrex will not cure herpes, it just lessens the symptoms of the infection.
Dosage and direction
Consult your doctor before using. Use no more than prescribed. Take it orally with or without food every 8 hours ( 3 times a day) during one week. If you have a genital herpes take it twice daily for 5 days. For treatment of cold sores, this drug is usually taken only for one day. For best result start treatment as soon as possible after your symptoms start.
Note: this instruction presented here just for review. It’s very necessary to consult with your doctor before using. It help you to get best results.
The drug should not be used by patients with immune system problems. If you have HIV infection or had a bone marrow or kidney transplantation, Valtrex may threaten your life. VAltrex, when taken in appropriate doses each day, can reduce the risk of passing on genital herpes to sexual partners. Use it in combination with safer sex practices for best result. Valtrex should not be used during pregnancy, becoming pregnant or lactating without doctor’s advice. Do not use Valtrex before breast-feeding without doctor’s advice.
Valtrex is not allowed in people with kidney disease or blood disorders. Also it is contraindicated in people who are hypersensitive to any components of this drug.
Possible side effect
They may include an allergic reaction: hives; difficulty breathing; swelling of your face, lips, tongue, or throat. Also the most possible side effects include:
pain in your lower back;
drowsiness, mood changes, increased thirst, loss of appetite, nausea and vomiting;
swelling, weight gain, feeling short of breath;
confusion, agitation, aggression, hallucinations, trouble concentrating;
feeling shaky or unsteady;
problems with speech or vision;
Less serious include:
nausea, stomach pain;
headache, dizziness, tired feeling, depression;
mild skin rash;
stuffy nose, sore throat.
This kinds of side effect can harm red blood cells:
fever, easy bruising or bleeding;
red spots on the skin (not related to herpes or chickenpox);
bloody diarrhea, vomiting;
pale or yellowed skin;
weakness or fainting;
urinating less than usual or not at all.
If you experience one of them stop using Valtrex and tell your doctor as soon as possible. Also consult with your doctor about any side effect that seems unusual.
Valtrex interact with Probenecid (Benemid) and cimetidine (Tagamet, Tagamet HB). Also note that interaction between two medications does not always mean that you must stop taking one of them. As usual it affects the the effect of drugs, so consult with your doctor about how it interactions are being managed or should be managed.
If you forgot to take your dose in time, please do it as soon as you remember. But do not take if it is too late or almost time for your next dose. Do not take double or extra doses. Take your usual dose next day at the same time regularly.
Symptoms of Valtrex overdose are not known. So if you experience any unusual symptom, call your doctor immediately.
Store at room temperature between 59-77 degrees F (15-25 degrees C) away from light and moisture, kids and pets. Do not use after expiration term.
We provide only general information about medications which does not cover all directions, possible drug integrations, or precautions. Information at the site cannot be used for self-treatment and self-diagnosis. Any specific instructions for a particular patient should be agreed with your health care adviser or doctor in charge of the case. We disclaim reliability of this information and mistakes it could contain. We are not responsible for any direct, indirect, special or other indirect damage as a result of any use of the information on this site and also for consequences of self-treatment.
Please find the full description of Valtrex at Drugs.com and general information at Wikipedia
Aciclovir is an antiviral drug, it is a synthetic ingredient with a similar molecular structure to purine nucleoside. Aciclovir is used to treat viral infections such as cold sores, to stop the growth of Herpes simplex virus, Varicella zoster virus (caused by chickenpox and shingles), Epstein Barr Virus (caused by glandular fever), and to a lesser extent Cytomegalovirus (CMV). It is also useful in preventing genital herpes and in preventing viral infections occurring in those with a lowered immune system. This medication may also help reduce the time when pain remains after the sores heal. In addition, in people with a weakened immune system, Aciclovir can decrease the risk of the virus spreading to other parts of the body and causing serious infections.
Dosage and direction
Take this medication by mouth with or without food, usually 2 to 5 times a day as directed by your doctor. Take this medicine by mouth with a glass of water. Take your medicine at regular intervals. Do not take your medicine more often than directed. Take all of your medicine as directed even if you think your are better. If you are using the liquid form of this medication, shake the bottle well before each dose. Carefully measure the dose using a special measuring device/spoon. Do not use a household spoon because you may not get the correct dose. Dosage is based on your medical condition and response to treatment. In children, dosage is also based on weight.
You should talk with your healthcare provider prior to taking Aciclovir if you have kidney disease, including kidney failure (renal failure), any allergies, including allergies to food, dyes, or preservatives. Let your healthcare provider know if you are pregnant or thinking of becoming pregnant, breastfeeding.
Make sure to tell your healthcare provider about all medicines you take, including prescription and non-prescription medicines, vitamins, and herbal supplements.
The medication passes through breast milk. Therefore, if you are breastfeeding or plan to start, discuss this with your healthcare provider prior to taking the drug.
Aciclovir Injection is contraindicated for patients who develop hypersensitivity to aciclovir or valaciclovir.
Possible side effects
Side effects are potentially serious and you should report to your doctor or health care professional as soon as possible. These include, but are not limited to: allergic reactions like skin rash, itching or hives, swelling of the face, lips, or tongue, chest pain, confusion, hallucinations, tremor, dark urine, increased sensitivity to the sun, redness, blistering, peeling or loosening of the skin (including inside the mouth), seizures, trouble passing urine or change in the amount of urine, unusual bleeding or bruising, or pinpoint red spots on the skin, unusually weak or tired, yellowing of the eyes or skin. Side effects that usually do not require medical attention: diarrhea, fever, headache, nausea, vomiting stomach upset. In this way report to your doctor or health care professional if they continue or are bothersome.
There are negative interactions that can occur when Aciclovir is combined with any of the drugs listed above. Phenytoin (Fosphenytoin) and Aciclovir: it may decrease the level of phenytoin in your blood, perhaps making it less effective. Your healthcare provider may need to measure the level of phenytoin in your blood (using a blood test) and adjust your dose as necessary. Probenecid can increase the level of Aciclovir in your blood, increasing your risk of acyclovir side effects. Your healthcare provider may need to decrease your acyclovir dosage to prevent this interaction from occurring. Acyclovir can increase the level of Tenofovir in your blood, potentially increasing your risk of side effects. Your healthcare provider may need to lower your tenofovir dosage to prevent drug interactions.
Take the missed dose as soon as you remember. If it is almost time for your next dose, skip the missed dose and take the medicine the next regularly scheduled time. Do not take extra medicine to make up the missed dose.
Seek emergency medical attention if you think you have used too much of this medicine. Overdose symptoms may include seizure (convulsions), hallucinations, and urinating less than usual or not at all.
Store at controlled room temperature of 15°C to 25°C (59°F to 77°F). Keep this medicine out of the reach of children, never share your medicines with others, and use this medication only for the indication prescribed.
We provide only general information about medications which does not cover all directions, possible drug integrations, or precautions. Information on the site cannot be used for self-treatment and self-diagnosis. Any specific instructions for a particular patient should be agreed with your health care adviser or doctor in charge of the case. We disclaim reliability of this information and mistakes it could contain. We are not responsible for any direct, indirect, special or other indirect damage as a result of any use of the information on this site and also for consequences of self-treatment.
Please find the full description of Aciclovir at Drugs.com and general information at Wikipedia