Ampicillin is a broad-spectrum antibiotic from aminopenicillin group. Its mechanism of action is anti-bacterial and consists in inhibition of construction of bacteria cell walls sensitive to Ampicillin. It is not destroyed in acidic content of stomach, it is easily absorbed. Ampicillin is active toward gram positive microorganisms and also some gram negative ones (salmonella, schigella, proteus, E. coli, Klebsiella pneumoniae, Haemophilus influenzae, formerly called Pfeiffer’s bacillus) and is used for treatment of the diseases provoked by mixed bacteria. Microorganisms producing penicillase are resistible to Ampicillin. This medication is used to treat pneumonia and other infectious diseases of respiratory, urogenital, gastrointestinal systems.
Dosage and directions
Take exactly as prescribed. ampicillin capsules should be taken with a full glass of water, a half hour before or 2 hours after a meal.
If you are allergic to penicillin or cephalosporin antibiotics, contact your doctor before taking this drug. This medication may cause diarrhea so inform your doctor if you have it before taking any drug for diarrhea. Ampicillin may show a false positive result of in certain urine glucose tests. If you have taken Ampicillin for a long time before it may appear ineffective in your organism due to so called superinfection, inform your doctor if your symptoms do not improve or get worse.
Hypersensitivity to Ampicillin. Cautiousness should be exercised if there is liver failure, asthma, hay fever.
Possible side effect
Colitis, diarrhea, fever, itching, nausea, rash, sore tongue or mouth, vomiting.
Ampicillin enhances effect of the orally taken medications which prevent blood clot formation. This medication may interfere with the work of certain oral contraceptives.
Never take a double dose of this medication. If you take this medication twice daily and you have missed a dose, take it as soon as you remember, take the next dose 5-6 hours later. If you take the drug thrice daily, take the missed dose as soon as you remember and do the next one in 2-4 hours.
If you suppose that you took too much Ampicillin and have symptoms of allergy (hives, rush) contact your doctor immediately.
Store at room temperature between 59 and 86 degrees F (15-30 degrees C) away from light and moisture.
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Please find the full description of Ampicillin at Drugs.com and general information at Wikipedia